Before the advent of the platform framing method, balloon framing was much popular among the people. In this type of framing, the long and skinny framing members were held to the wall only with nails. It gave the people an expression that it could be blown away any moment like a balloon. That is where the name came from. There are certain advantages and disadvantages associated with the balloon framing.
This type of framing actually deals with the equal distribution of load over the construction of the frame. The load is distributed uniformly over the correct sized studs. The studs should be placed at regular intervals and in the centre of the interval. The interval is decided by proper measurements. To make the frame capable of bearing the load, provisions are made for lateral support as well.