Installation of water lines must be done according to code.
The proper depth required to dig and install a water line is decided by your location. In colder climates a water line should be deeper. You can get information on the proper water line depth for your area from local building codes.
To prevent freezing a water line must be installed below the frost line. The depth of the frost line can be variable between different counties in a state.
In the State of Maryland a water line must be installed at least 36 inches beneath the ground according to the building code. In Indiana the water line should be 36 inches to 60 inches deep beneath the ground.
In Placer County, California a water line must be installed at least 12 inches beneath the ground according to the building code. Measurement should be done from the top of the line.
Process on preventing frozen water pipes:
Facing problems with frozen water pipes? Frozen water pipes often are costly and inconvenient that can be difficult in repairing too. Here are the ways and steps on preventing the frozen water pipes and thaws that are already frozen.
Steps on preventing frozen water pipes:
Start with the process by insulating each and every water pipe from the cold moving air and keep them dry as much as possible. If you’re thinking, insulating alone will help you take out from the situation of frozen water pipes than you’re wrong. It only helps in slowing down the transfer rate of hot to cold.
It’s advisable of locating the core water shut off valve in case you need in future. The reason for leak often happens due to thawed out situation. There are means and materials available for keeping the pipes and drains heated. You can either make the use of heated reflective lamp or the heated tapes to wrap around the water pipes.
During cold winter nights, it’s advisable to check for the lights that are working in good condition or not. In order to see the effectiveness of heated tape, wrap it around the pipe and the insulation added to it. Even there are tapes which don’t follow the process of insulating round the tapes. For this, it’s advisable of following the instructions stated in the manufacturer’s manual.
If you’re electric supply is unable for reasons, there’s a cheapest way of keeping your water pipes free from getting frozen. Let the water run very slow with a constant dripping slow flow. Well, it’s cheaper than at least repairing it again and again. There’s no need of running or flowing the water fast. Just a dripping flow of constant water and you’re done.
Don’t forget to heat up and insulate the cold basement and crawlspace water pipes. It’s advisable of using a heat lamp on the P-trap. It helps in preventing freezing. Even, protecting it from the moving cold air with a boxed enclosure can work accurate. You can also make it on your own. Preparing it by yourself helps in saving on your pockets.
Check the thawing of frozen pipes. Start by inspecting the areas affected by freeze. It might be possible that some copper or plastic water pipes can split and result in flooring up the area when thawed. If you observe any slit in the pipes or looks busted, it’s advisable of calling a plumber.
If the water pipe is made up of metal, it can be easily thawed by connected a welder on it. Cover each and every part of the water pipe affected from freeze. If you’re not acknowledged about how to use a welder for this situation, it’s advisable to avoid it and let the plumber do his work. Set up a fuse between the frozen pipe and a welder connection.
Make sure the welder is a perfect type that is suitable for your drains and should consist of low voltage. Don’t forget to turn off at times, so you don’t end up overheating the welder and resulting into melting solder joists. It’s important to read and carefully understand the functioning manual for seeing that your welder is eligible for melting the frozen water pipes. Also make a note that the pipes with low resistant power might create the heat easily in the welder machine than the water pipes.
It’s far better of using any electric appliance for heating up the frozen water pipes. Make the use of electric space heater, heating lamp reflector or a handled hair dryer. This will help in preventing fire from catching up. Take proper precautionary measures while using these electric and heating appliances. Heating reflectors, heating lamps, and space heaters generally has the tendency of generating high temperatures that might lead to combustion towards certain materials.
If you’re not going to operate the device anymore, never keep them unattended. While using them, never keep them unattended because it can lead to combustion and fire situation. If you’re not comfortable of using them, it’s advisable to call for a plumber. Watch for the steps that the plumber uses while operating it. You can also ask for their help.
Not only the interiors, but also take care of the exteriors of the home. Always disconnect or shut off the water hose situated in the exteriors. Do it as fast as possible, before it starts getting frozen. The water present inside the hose can make it freeze and this freezing can be continued back into the spigot unless and until it reaches to the pipes located. And any water pipe which freezes and more chances of getting burst.
Even you can make the use of temperature controlled thermal convection powered with hot water recirculation valve. It doesn’t require electricity for operating. It works in continuously circulating the hot water throughout the cold and hot water pipes. It fnctions when the water temperature is below the stipulated or measured temperature.
It is not alike the heating tape, it only heats the outer side of the water pipes. But, the process of thermal convection is circulating the water nonstop for preventing freezing crystallization no matter where the water pipes are placed. There are certain things to be noted like this process require the valve installation at a higher level as compared to the water heater.
The circulating water might give a rise in the water bill consumption at your home. It doesn’t mean to stop the circulation, because if stopped it might result in to bursting of water pipes that is more costly and difficult to repair. Even you can make the use of a material namely ICE LOC. It is designed for preventing the water pipes from rupturing by taking up the expansion of the water pipes frozen. Basically, it is structured in way that can easily be fitted into the water pipes. It’s an elastomer that can be used in the form of fitting it directly into the pipes.
Make the use of RedyTemp. It is a type of device that is used for internal water contacting temperature probe for monitoring the temperature of the water pipes. It works on the temperature you set in the device. It automatically maintains the temperature and flow the water through hot and cold water pipes as needed. It’s a DIY project for the home owners. Install it and set the temperature on the device of your wish. Plug in the unit and it will start functioning according to the need of freezing. As the situation of freezing starts, it starts functioning and reaches to the set temperature in the device.