Any homeowner who intends to keep his home safe like hell, the safety thing starts from roof. Roofing materials will generally have a life of 20 to 30 years but they can wear out at sooner stage also which can make a big hole in your pocket. If you are using the right materials and have proper planning and also take proper precautions and make proper application of elbow grease then any of you has the chance to reroof your home in a cheaper and safer way. Keep these things in mind if you are also planning to reroof your home. Here is the easy and simple process to reroof your home.
Know your local building code about roof
It’s essential that you are aware about all the local codes when you want to reroof your home. At many places there are regulations regarding number of shingles layer which can be installed on the roof. At certain places, you also need to check about the type of material while you want to reroof your home as there can also be restriction regarding materials to be used and materials not to be used. Coastal areas which have tendency of hurricanes and high winds have some different need of structural design and load as compared to that with centralized location. If you are residing on the coast and want to reroof your home, you have to be extra careful while getting all the permits to make sure about the safety and security of your project to reroof your home.
Take necessary permits
This step to reroof your home is to be undertaken before you even start the project. Check out with the government agency about any of the needs for getting a building permit before you start to reroof your home. Permits are usually given by the building service department of the city where you live in. usually you will be able to get the approval of the project to reroof your home over the counter only, if you provide the below mentioned things.
- Fair drawings of elevation
- Fair drawings of your construction
- Proof of ownership of your property
- Worksheet of your permit application
- Statement of repair depicting that the project to reroof your home will be undertaken and completed within the limit of building code specified.
Choose proper types of shingles
You can get shingles in many types of varieties, some of which are more suitable for certain roof styles and certain climatic conditions. Choose something which properly fits in your area and with your home and also fitting properly with your specific type of project.
These are among the most common types of roofing shingles. These are very much durable and it can last for almost 20 to 30 years in favorable and good conditions. If they are reinforced with fiberglass then they can also portray dabs of the roofing agent or can also tar sticks with the shingles placed above it.
These are among the heaviest and most durable types of shingles you can buy to reroof your home. But there is one issue with these types of shingles that they break very easily and needs special types of cutters for cutting it and they are almost three times heavier as compared to that with other types of shingles. Using slate shingles when you want to reroof your home is advisable only when you have experienced roofer to do the job and assure to finish in well manner a challenge like this. These roofs are perfect if you are intending to put on some extra effort.
These types of shingles look somewhat similar to that with slate tiles but they are actually layered asphalt shingles which look similar but they are thicker as compared to that with asphalt shingles. The working on it will also be similar to that with asphalt shingles. If you are fine with the look of slate but want the working of it easier, then you can opt with this type of shingle.
These are generally hand split of cedar, pine or spruce. This option to reroof your home is very much common in areas of coastal regions in New England. Wood shingles avails you with expansion and also natural weathered look which some people really like to have in their homes. They need to be given slight spacing so that they get space to expand but they will last for 30 years or more if their installation is undertaken in proper manner.
Decide how many shingles you need to reroof your home
The surface area which shingles is covering is defined as per 100 square feet. Shingles are usually sold in bundles, specifically 3 bundles basically needed to cover one square. To know the exact number of bundles to buy, take measurement of width and length of each of the section of the roof and multiply them for getting the area. Add up each sections area and then divide it by 100 for getting the number of squares which your roof is consisting of. Multiply the number you got by 3 for getting the exact bundles which you need to buy.
Measure length of shingle when it is lying across the roof
This is going to help you in deciding how the shingles are going to lay on the width of the roof. Majority of the asphalt shingles are 3 feet in the length if the width of your roof is not in an even multiple of the length of the shingle, you will be available with the partial piece on one of the end of the each row. The bottom row of the shingle should be hanging past the edge of your roof. If you are having wood shingle roof then you would have to cut your shingles which goes on the edge for creating the straight line for accommodating this.
Take proper safety measures
Many roofs are at very high pitch and they needs roofing jacks for making the job more safe and secure. Toe boards and scaffolding will be useful for securing the area around and on the roof for keeping dropped equipment’s and tools from sliding of from the roof and hitting off the passer by. Ensure that you are wearing pair of rubber sole shoes for keeping the grip while you are working on the roof. Wearing gloves and work glasses are also must while you are working on the project to reroof your home.
Rent a trash container
It can be considered very much useful to rent out a large trash container for throwing the old shingles into it. This can cost you somewhere around 200$. If you are keeping this as close as possible to your home and cover up your AC units, porches and such other things, you will save those things from dent or litter by roofing nails and such other debris. You can also save up much of your time in cleaning up things on later stage.
Start removing the shingles from the far point of trash container
Make use of a garden fork or a roofing shovel which is specifically designed for working out your way under shingles and pulling them off very quickly or you can also use your hand by using a hammer. Pry up all the nails and loosen up the ridge caps at first place and then the shingles and after that shovel them off towards your roof jack and then straight way into the garbage. Take more breaks for shoveling them into the garbage. Don’t hurry up to get all the nails at first only, some of them will be coming up with the shingles while some of them won’t be coming. This part of the project to reroof your home is the most physically challenging and also dirty. Thus make sure that you put aside enough time and get ready with lots of elbow grease to get things done. This shingles are usually very grimy and heavy and hence don’t let them pileup extremely before you shovel them off the roof through the jack into the garbage. Be extra careful with the footing and ensure that you are working in pairs. Try to invest in the safety harness if you have to work on a tall roof.
Remove metal flashing around the vents, chimneys and valleys in roof
When you are working to reroof your home, certain roofers will use the metal flashing again if it is in good shape but make sure to carefully remove all the nails and then pry it. Flashings in the valleys will usually get trashed. Try and replace all of them when you are in the middle of the job if it looks suspicious, toss it up and install the new flashing.
Clean your roof
When you want to reroof your home, you must clean your roof. Before you start to reroof your home, start to sweep your roof as clean as you can. Take some time and remove the stray nails which don’t come up while removing the shingles. Attach those loose boards in the sheathing. Check out the sheathing for any rotted or damaged board, while replacing all the damaged sections.
Install water and ice barrier along with asphalt felt
Such under layer will basically serve as a temporary weather barrier. If you are having gutters, when you want to reroof your home, you will want the water and ice barrier to cover up the entire gutter flashing which is there on the roof. Take them at the top by using staples at every foot for holding them in its place. Once you have tacked the entire section along with the chalk line, lift the bottom part up and peel off the backing and then allow it to fall back into its place. The water and ice barrier will instantly stick up to the roof. After that unroll and staple down the felt over your rest of the part of the roof. Use too many staples for making the felt safer to walk upon and keep it secure from blowing off. This is the situation where stapler with hammer type will pay off.
Complete weathering-in your roof with asphalt roofing paper
Make use of tin caps which is approximately 5 cm round metal discs under the roofing nails for keeping felt from tearing and also blowing away if there is wind before shingles are settled on it. Keep the straightly lined up paper by snapping up a chalk line by using the marks which can be measured up from the bottom part. Make sure to not to use the bottom part of the roof as straight line. If you do so, you will most likely get the paper crooked which will leave wrinkles in the materials. Let the felt extend at the bottom of the roof edge from ¼ inch to 3/8 inch.
Mount drip molding around perimeter of roof
Make use of roofing nails which should be spaced 12 inches apart and which can extend from ¼ inch to 3/8 inch surpassing the edge of the roof over felt paper.
Place flashing in the valley
When you want to reroof your home, you have to place the flashing in the valley of your roof but make sure you place it at a spot where two sections are creating a valley. Nail this properly just as you did with the drip molding. Flashing will either come premade which is bent to fit it or it should be ready to cut down. Certain roofers would like to salvage the old flashings which are reusable. Valley flashing would be most of the times worn out only but take your call to check whether they are in appropriate shape or not. If they are not in appropriate shape then you will have to replace it. After that, make the series of chalk lines to manage the straight lines for the shingles.
Lay down the starter course
Follow up the chalk lines properly and nail down your shingles at a specified interval of 6 inches. Leave an adequate space of 3 inches in between each nail starting from the top edge of your shingle. Based upon the types of shingles you buy, there might be specific types of starter row of shingles or even a roll of strip materials which you can cut to the length of the roof. If you are making use of three tab shingles, put them in your nails for about ¾ inches above the level of cutouts at the spot where the tab will meet up the upper part of your shingle. Also place up the nail at a distance of 2 inches from the each end of the shingle in accordance with the line of the other two. In short, you will be using all four of the nails for every three tab shingles for making them secure.
Lay out the first course
Snap out a horizontal chalk line just over starting row for using it as a guide and remove that plastic strip on the backside of the shingles in a package. Cut down six inches of length of the first starter shingle which I nailed on after those use the rest of them in full size. Getting them shifted in this way will be joining the ends of the first and foremost regular row of shingles which are placed over all the starter shingles. On a contrary you can also make use of a starting row which is of full size shingle by getting them turned with all those tabs pointing towards up.
Lay down second row of shingles
Set up the first shingle of the second row by keeping it back a half tab of around 6 inches from the first shingles edge over the first row and hence the bottom of the tabs touches just the top of the cutout slot on the shingles which are below. It is must to cut off this ½ tab where it is hanging off on the left edge of the gable roof. Laying off your shingles continuously when you want to reroof your home in the similar basic manner will trim off the shingles to fit in with the extra space which you left at the end of the each and every row. Leave some space around the vents, flashings, chimneys to take up some extra time around those areas.
Shingle around your vents and chimneys
Cut the flashing in square shape which can extend to six inches from the pipe having a hole in the center which should be big enough for the pipe to fit in properly. Install shingles over the flashing area by using adhesive for holding it in proper place and cut down special shingle for fitting over the pipe and finish up the job. You can add up vent pipe boots for giving added protection as you can easily slide over your vent pipes. Installing a rubber gasket will make it fit very perfectly and avoid the joint from leaking. For installing shingles around your chimneys, you have to cut certain strips of flashing for bending and creating a joint in between the chimneys wall, on the outside edge and also on the roof. Fix them into their place very normally and also shingle up the edges of the flashing. Make use of the roofing adhesive and also the shingle over the flashing as normal only.
Make installation of performed ridge shingles
Make use of roofing adhesive cement at any of the exposed nails as per the instructions of manufacturer. Caps or ridged shingles have to be used. You can also try cutting and making your own ridge shingles from the normal three tab shingles. Cut them to the proper size and get them folded over the peaks, installing them just as normal.
Finish up the job
Reroof your home is going to create a plenty of mess and hence it is very essential to save up time and avoid the whole big and lengthy cleaning procedure later on. Stray single pieces, nails, debris wit have probably covered up your yard along with the surrounding area of your home. All of them can be really dangerous if they are not cleaned up instantly. Certain roofers have roller magnets which pick up all the magnetic waste from your yard. If you don’t have one, you can also rent it from any hardware store near you.
Reroof your home is a big project and a lengthy one, but you need to be careful and extra conscious while doing it or even hiring a roofer for accomplishing the job.