Boundary walls are important when you have a lot of space outside your house and you need to protect it from people to come in. Now there are various designs which you can choose from if you are planning to give your boundary wall a unique look. It is best if you choose the contemporary style because their designs are different from the others and will give a classy look too. Designs such as Victorian, Tuscan or Spanish can be applied over the boundary walls and you can add a touch of aesthetic uniformity too.
Boundary walls are normally built of materials such as concrete, natural stone, steel, brick pillars, wood or imitation stone. They are all reliable and would provide enough strength to the walls. The only thing that you would have to keep in mind is the height of the wall. It should not be too high because there are strict orders and beyond a certain limit you are not allowed to build any kind of wall.
If you have a home built not boundary, you should definitely be thinking about installing one in your home. Now installing a boundary wall is not that easy task. But with right guidelines it can become easy. There are plenty of things which should be taken care of while building boundary wall. Firstly you have to choose the right designs of boundary wall and then you have to go for building it. Choosing the right type of material also plays very important role while building boundary walls. You have heard many stories of wall collapse and people getting injured or even dying because of that. This makes clear how important it is to build a proper boundary wall. If proper care is not taken while building a boundary wall, you can risk your life and also life of your family members by risking the chance of wall collapse. The main reasons behind wall collapse are bad design, weak foundation, lack of piers and expansion joints. All this factors will make cracks at an early stage in your boundary wall and get it damaged very soon.
If you already have a boundary wall which is not stable and it has started leaning or has any serious cracks, then you need to take some urgent steps and pay proper attention towards this issue. In certain cases, you must go for repairing this damaged boundary walls, while in many of the circumstances, it is better if you break your boundary wall and start to build a new one all over again. It can be a cost effective option if seen from a long term perspective. Repairing time and again is not worth; instead build a new one on a whole to be cost effective along with ensuring your safety.
There are several boundary walls which are built in a pathetic manner by the owner themselves, just for the sake of cutting down the cost. Such homeowners don’t have enough experience, are not much handy, and lacks the specified skillset but still they will jump to the project of building the boundary wall themselves to be cost effective endangering their own life. Generally plaster cracks, leaning of the walls, walls splitting up apart will get noticed after a long time of builder leaving the site. The home owner thinks that he had got the boundary wall at a lower price and be happy. But this happiness is temporary as soon all the troubles are going to start which has come because of low price. There is an old saying which justifies this scenario very well, “you will get what you have paid for”. To save you up from such troubles which you might face in future, here are some of the things which should be taken care of while installing a boundary wall.
The design n of your boundary wall should be chosen very carefully. There are many restrictions which are imposed by the local laws regarding height or any set back of street corner, reliable engineering principles. All these things must be followed while you are you are designing your boundary wall. The thickness of the wall should also be considered while building the boundary wall. The spacing of the pier should also be in accordance with the maximum height and also the ground level.
Retaining the walls
If your boundary wall is fulfilling two objectives and is also working as the retaining walls and it is also subject with the soil and water thrust then you need to extend the foundation footing more till it reaches the upper side of the wall. This will ensure that weight of retained soil will stabilize the foundation structure more.
When you are choosing the design of the boundary wall, you must take into consideration condition of soil and also the slopes. You must also pay attention on the steel reinforcement of the foundation along with the wall as it is very much necessary. Basic fundamental is that, the deeper and wide the foundation, more stable will be the support of the wall. The principles of sound engineering should be taken into account.
If you want to deal nicely with the storm water buildup that too when you have your boundary wall on a slope then you will have to install adequate weep holes. If the wall is also working as a retaining wall then you have to install sub soil drainage. It is stated in the NHBRC that the weep holes which are made in the wall which is working as a retaining wall should not exceed the height which is 300mm above the ground level and the center of it should also not exceed 1.5 meters. You need to form the weep holes by making use of plastic pipe of 50mm covered up on the non-exposed side of the geo fabric.
Sufficient expansion joints and piers
One of the biggest causes of too many cracks and damaged boundary walls is improper installation of expansion joint and lack of sufficient piers. Hence while you are building your boundary wall, you must take proper care about both piers and expansion joints. If you find any cavities in the piers of your boundary walls, you must fill it up with the concrete without fail.
Boundary walls are always free standing. This means that these walls will not be forming part of any structure where they connected walls are also self-bracing. These free standing walls are basically supported by the structure of any other wall. These are built without any type of damp proof course or even the plastic membrane so that there is improvement in the bond between foundation and free standing wall.