Asphalt Roofing Shingles: Process, Types and Benefits

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(Last Updated On: December 27, 2016)
Constructed Asphalt Roofing Shingles
Gray Asphalt Roofing Shingles

Is it the time of replacing your old roof with a new one? Want to install a new roof at your home? Or want to install new roofing shingles? These are some questions that arise to our mind while facing this situation. With proper know-how, you can easily install new shingles by replace the old shingles or repairing it. Installing new shingles yourself will lead you in saving money and time. Many roofing methods are beneficial for the home owners – metal roofing, tile roofing, and wooden roofing but amongst them, one of most eco-friendly roofing material is the asphalt roofing shingles. They are also known as organic shingles. Asphalt roofing shingle is a beauty addition to your home, it offers you with many benefits beyond its beauty.

What is asphalt roofing shingle made of?

The shingles are made with a base of formerly living materials like cotton, cellulose, wood fiber and paper that are saturated with asphalt for making it waterproof. A top coat of adhesive asphalt is applied with the combination of ceramic granules for making it stiff. The slate granules are added to the surface of asphalt roofing shingles to make it long lasting and durable material. This granule includes oyster shells, silica and clay and mica elements.

Asphalt roofing shingles are highly organic in nature that leads you in having an eco-friendly roofing method. While manufacturing it, rubberized asphalt is also added for making it more resistant from thermal cracking. Scrim is used for backing the shingles to have an impact resistant.

Asphalt roofing shingles could be a great decision for your home. Not only a reliable material but it offers a great costing budget for you. Installing DIY asphalt roofing shingles can also help you in achieving a professional look. Proper utilization of benefits is your job that leads your home to be safe, in a good shape, and protects your home from external elements. Asphalt roofing shingles are available in varied colors and styles. Select the color of shingles that is suitable on your home.

Learn how to prepare your roof for installing asphalt roofing shingles, surfacing the base properly, and start the process of ridging the shingles accurately like an expert.

Process of installing asphalt roofing shingles

  • Accumulate right number of asphalt shingles for your roof

No doubt asphalt roofing shingles comes in varied sizes and shapes but tile shaped shingles are appropriate to install on your roof. It mostly takes three bundles to cover 100 square feet of an area. Asphalt shingles are bundled together and packed firmly.

Take proper measurement of your roof for buying the required roofing material. Measuring will lead you in not wasting your money in buying unnecessary materials. Start measuring the length and width of your roof. Multiply them together to determine the exact area.

Simple trick to know the quantity of asphalt roofing shingles required is by adding the length and width of the area and divide it by 100. Multiply the answer with the number of bundles i.e. 3 and get the accurate digit for buying shingles for your roof.

  • Measure the shingles and its layout

Most of the asphalt roofing shingles are 3 feet in length. Measuring the shingles will help you in determining the exact layout. Mark the edges of the roof for laying it accurately.

Make a straight line for knowing the exact installation of shingles on your roof.

  • Remove old flashing and shingles

While starting with the process of installing asphalt roofing shingles, it is mandatory for removing the old shingles. Start removing those shingles that are damaged. It is easy to remove them, you can also take it off with the help of your hands. Accumulate it into a trash container.

Use a garden fork for peeling the shingles from the surface of the roof. Shovel can also be used to pull off the old shingles quickly. Try to loosen the shingles and remove the nails observed. It’s okay if you don’t peel off the nails at first because before installing a new roof, a prior check is carried for finding the flaws and faults.

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After removing the shingles, take off the flashing around the vents, chimneys and leaking surfaces. Left over flashing is of no use, so it is advisable of trashing it.

  • Cleaning the roof 

Clean the roof surface with the help of a broom. Try to sweep the roof as tidy as possible. Remove the nails that were noticed before. Examine the sheathing properly. If any damage or rotted boards are observed, repair it before installing asphalt roofing shingles.

You can also replace the damaged section with the new parts for experiencing better results. Reattach the loose boards and sections in sheathing.

  • Safety measures

Don’t forget to take proper safety safeguards as you are working on a roof. Wear the safety gears, and use a ladder with appropriate height according to the height of your roof. Wear proper shoes that are eligible for working on roofs. Shoes that grips well and avoids slippery effects.

Weather forecast is important because working in an inappropriate weather can be harmful and dangerous. Work in a warm and non-inclement climate that doesn’t interrupts the process of installing asphalt roofing shingles at your home.

  • Install new flashing and underlayment

Contractors installaing flashing and underlayment
Mounting the flashing and underlayment on the roof

Laying asphalt, waterproofing, or felt paper underlayment over the roof helps in protecting the interiors of the home. 15 pound roofing paper is another option to safeguard the roof. Installing it is more effective and an easy process.

Don’t forget to staple well after applying the roofing paper on the core surface. Stapling helps you in attaching the roofing paper stringently on the roof deck. Using tin-caps under staples will lead the underlayment to be firmly attached to the surface.

Start installing flashing around the chimney, vents and leakage areas. Purchase a bulk of flashing to cover the large part on the roof. It comes in varied shapes like rolls and strips with different widths and lengths. Proper bending, shaping and cutting are mandatory.

It is advisable of having at least 15 percent of more quantity of flashing roll while purchasing it for the wastage and damaging effects. Be sure of the measurements of your roof. It will help you in picking up the right flashing roll size. Install the new flashing and nail it properly. For the edges, metal flashing known as drip edges works best. Cover the edges with a metal flashing for offering a tight packing of the flashing installed.

  • Starter strips for the roof

Starter strips are the key element used for installing new roof. It is made up of asphalt shingles that are placed on the edges of the roof. It is used for water proofing the eave and rake edges.

The reason for installing starter strips, if you start laying the asphalt roofing shingles directly on the surface it will disturb the water channel. The starter strip is installed on the edges of the roof for covering the water channels and offers effective waterproofing. It represents the roof by offering a base for installing an asphalt roofing shingles at your home.

  • Impress a chalk line for guiding yourself 

Chalking will help you to know the actual installing style of your roof. Chalking depends upon the use of asphalt roofing shingles and the roof you are working on. Normally the marking of chalk is impressed 7 inches above the bottom surface of the roof.

Mark the chalk line from left to right on the edges. It will help you in immediately identifying the lines for mounting it at the time of placing new asphalt roofing shingles. Continue chalking until you are confident enough for carrying the process ahead.

After all the above stated preparation, start installing the asphalt roofing shingles on your roof.

  • Install asphalt roofing shingles

Constractor installing Asphalt roofing shingles
Process of mounting asphalt roofing shingles

Three-tab shingle is a suitable method for installing asphalt roofing shingles. For laying the starter course and to prepare the surface, cut the first starter strip by 6 inches. Apply the glue properly on the edges of the roof including the drip edge. As the asphalt roofing shingles are going to be placed, starter strips should be arranged in the range of three-tab method. It will provide a strong base as double layers are used for waterproofing the roof.

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You can also mount it in reverse method. Instead of cutting it into three-tabs, reverse the shingles so that the entire tabs of shingles turns facing towards up. The shingles will be placed under the first starter course on the roof. The shingles are mounted in the decreasing order.

Mount the shingles firmly by nailing it with the help of No Tabs. Precut Pro-start shingles are best suitable while installing asphalt roofing shingles. It is pre-cut in the shape of strips that saves more time of installing the shingles. Apply asphalt cement with the help of a caulk gun. Cover the drip edges and the shingle’s borders well.

Press the No Tabs shingles downwards on the application of asphalt cement. Continue doing so until the shingles are fixed well into the spaces. Asphalt cement works for avoiding the accumulation of windblown water into the roof.

  • Cut the shingles into five slots

Remember, asphalt roofing shingles slot should be set in a decreasing order. For knowing that you’ve got the appropriate sizes of laying courses, cut off some shingles from the three-tab strips purchased by you.

The first tab should be cut off in half piece for starting the layering process of asphalt roofing shingles. Cut the shingles in such a way that while aligning them together, forms an overlapping effect. Don’t garbage the scarp, rather keep the entire scrap for using as a ridge to cover the cap shingles of the roof. The asphalt shingles shaping should be as follows:

  1. Divide a half tab off for your first asphalt roofing shingle,
  2. Cut a full tab off for your second shingle,
  3. The third asphalt shingle should be cut off to one and half tabs,
  4. Cut two tabs off from the fourth roofing shingle,
  5. Cut off half of the final tab for the firth asphalt roofing shingle,
  6. The sixth tab should be uncut for laying it on the roof.
  • Start layering the shingles

Person showing different layers of shingles
Three layers of asphalt roofing shingles

Follow the chalk guidelines for installing the roofing shingles on its place. Nail the shingles that are prepared about 6 inches above the lower edge of the roof. With the help of a hammer, mount it properly. Hammer the shingles about 2 inches each from both the sides.

Next shingle should be placed above the nails by about 1 inch to cover it. Make a note that the nails should hold the top edge of the shingles.

Repeat the pattern for installing the asphalt roofing shingles over the surface of your roof. Make a use of chalk line for maintaining the measurement and alignment in a straight horizontal manner. Use at least four nails per shingles for observing a better gripping power. Side shingles should be attached by using 6 nails for wind resistance.

  • Cut the last piece of shingle 

Cut the last asphalt roofing shingle to the size of space available. Nail the shingle on your roof with a hammer. You can trim the excessive sides observed by using the accurate tool. Follow the similar process for all the sides of the roof and have a perfect finished asphalt roofing shingles installed.

  • Installing the ridge shingles 

Last step of completing your roof is to bend the asphalt shingles in accurate shapes for installing them over the ridge. Nail it both the sides for having a firm mounting result. Before nailing the shingles, apply the asphalt cement for leaving no exposed openings.

Apply a heavy bead of asphalt cement for gripping the shingles intact. Edges should be covered with cement that will help you in offering a durable and efficient asphalt roofs at your home.

Types of asphalt roofing shingles

Asphalt roofing is one of the best roofing method offering custom designs and outlook. It has the ability to mould in different types of home designs. There are mainly three types of asphalt roofing shingles. As follows:

  • Dimensional asphalt roofing shingles

Dimensional shingles are among the predominant roofing material observed in North America. They are also known by architectural laminated shingles. Dimensional asphalt roofing shingle manufacturers offers a multi-layered dimensional look that is more durable than strip shingles.

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It provides a thicker and stylish appearance on the roof. Dimensional shingles are typically heavier in weight than strip roofing shingles. It is durable in nature that can last to more than 30 years. Warranty protection is the benefit of installing dimensional asphalt roofing shingles.

  • Strip asphalt roofing shingles 

One of the most basic forms of shingles is strip shingles. Strip shingles are the original roofing material that is available in the market. They are designed to look like slate because it offers a single layered roofing specification.

Strip asphalt roofing shingles are typically the lightest weighed roofing material. It presents a flat look to your roof. Primarily, it was a predominate roofing material accepted by the home owners until new roofing styles came in the market. Increasing technology has proved the importance of strip shingles to be low.

Strip shingle is one of the ancient types of asphalt roofing shingles. Now it is used for replacing the shingles for homes that already have strip roofing shingles installed.

  • Premiums asphalt roofing shingles

It is usually described as comprising the combination of modern technology and elements. Premium shingles are laminated shingles that have a different specifications and functionality from strip shingles and dimensional shingles.

It offers with different styles and colors of asphalt roofing shingles that enhance the beauty of your home. Premium roofing shingles depicts the mimic of traditional image of roofing shingles. It provides an aesthetic appearance to your home. Normally it appears like natural slate or shakes roofing.

Premium asphalt roofing shingles offers with benefits such as higher resistant power, strong solar reflectivity and high durability.  It helps you in decreasing the energy consumption cost of your home.

Benefits of installing asphalt roofing shingles

  • Varieties of colors in asphalt roofing shingles
    Different colors availability in asphalt roofing

    Asphalt roofing shingles is among the most consistent roofing material. Selecting and purchasing it for your home will lead you in enjoying the benefits.

  • Asphalt roofing shingle manufacturers offers a durability to withstand high winds and a good option of roofing for sturdiest weather storms.
  • It is easy to install as compared to other roofing material such as metal, wood and tile. Asphalt material is an easy product to deal with.
  • Maintenance cost of asphalt roofing shingles is very low and saves energy consumption.
  • Different shades of colors in asphalt roofing shingles are available like gray, black, brown and even red. Huge varieties of colors are offered that you can opt for your roofs.
  • Asphalt roofing shingles are cost effective to install. It is listed among the most affordable material for the home owners. It is manufactured by blending natural element.
  • Minimal maintenance cost is the key feature factor of asphalt materials.
  • Asphalt shingles are also available in different width and textures that can be treated against mildews and molds.
  • It offers you a great option for a quick and cost-effective repair with no or less cost.
  • Sound protection is another feature of asphalt roofing shingles that avoids and cut off the external noise.

Roofing enhances the value of your home. A perfect re-roofing project, job on budget, maintaining a fairly attractive look and efficient features all sums up in installing asphalt roofing shingles. In a highly competitive roofing market with lots of options, asphalt roofing shingles are by far one of the most standard choices. It is observed to be one of the most used roofing materials. Clearly, asphalt roofing shingles makes a cost-efficient investment. Use the asphalt roofing shingles today to change the look of your home.

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